Psilocybe cubensis an overview sciencedirect topics. Nuevas observaciones taxonomicas y etnomicologicas en. New concept of psilocybe zapotecorum, its synonyms, distribution and traditions in mesoamerica and south america figs. Spores edit the spores are dark violet brown, oblong to subellipsoid to subrhomboid, and thinwalled with a short apiculus and truncate germ pore. Hallucinogenic mushrooms on the german market simple instructions for examination and identification article in forensic science international 1. Panaeolus sphinctrinus, while identifying the other two packages as psilocybe cubensis. Download fulltext pdf the japanese hallucinogenic mushrooms psilocybe and a new synonym of p. Ethnobotany of psilocybin mushrooms, especially psilocybe cubensis. Pdf the japanese hallucinogenic mushrooms psilocybe and a. Whether this mixture was hallucinogenic rather than fatal is, however, a matter of some dispute fig. Pdf new taxonomical and ethnomycological observations on. A new species of psilocybe of section zapotecorum from new. Original specimens were found in the small town pueblo magico or magical town of cuetzalan, puebla.
Content of psilocybin and related compounds in various mushroom species 33. One of these magic shrooms is the psilocybe zapotecorum. Psilocybe zapotecorum advanced mycology shroomery message. Following the new status of the genus psilocybe fr. Psilocybe weilii is found under loblolly pine and sweet gum or in bermuda grass or fescue, often in red clay soil that is enriched with pine needles. It is in the section zapotecorum of the genus psilocybe, other members of this section include psilocybe muliercula, psilocybe angustipleurocystidiata, psilocybe aucklandii, psilocybe collybioides, psilocybe kumaenorum, psilocybe zapotecorum, psilocybe kumaenorum, psilocybe subcaerulipes, psilocybe moseri, psilocybe. Acute renal injury cause by confirmed psilocybe cubensis mushroom ingestion. The grass seed didnt look strongly colonized and the mycelium didnt look like it was penetrating the casing, yet pins are now forming at and just under the surface. Psilocybe aucklandii belongs to section zapotecorum guzmin owing to the subellipsoid, thinwalled spores and bluing reaction of the basidiocarp. Magnificent psilocybe zapotecorum mushrooms came up right through the water. Magic mushrooms around the world pdf free download epdf. In grassmulch roadside enriched with buffalo dung and decaying wood and bamboo debris. Zapotecorum are the most abundant with 5 well recognized taxa, one from new zedand, two from brazil, and two from mexico.
August abstract the pf is basically a brown rice method with an improved formula by using vermiculite as a base and adding pulverised brown rice. It also grows in urban lawns and in the deep woods on areas where decaying wood collects. Mushroom observer is a forum where amateur and professional mycologists can come together and celebrate their common passion for mushrooms by discussing and sharing photos of mushroom sightings from around the world. Following the recent conservation of psilocybe as the generic name for bluing species, p. Beugvariation of psilocybin and psilocin levels with repeated flushes harvests of mature sporocarps of psilocybe cubensis earle singer. Psilocybe is a genus of gilled mushrooms, growing worldwide, in the family hymenogastraceae. It is in the section zapotecorum of the genus psilocybe, other members of this section include psilocybe muliercula, psilocybe angustipleurocystidiata, psilocybe aucklandii, psilocybe collybioides, psilocybe kumaenorum, psilocybe zapotecorum, psilocybe. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed. Macroscopically, they are characterized by their small to occasionally medium size, brown to yellowbrown coloration, with a typically hygrophanous cap, and a spore printcolor that ranges from lilacbrown to dark purplebrown though rustybrown colored varieties are known in at. Psilocybe zapotecorum is a magic mushroom that contains psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin as its main psychoactive compounds. From what i gathered, the derrumbe mushrooms were largely considered the most. A compilation of all described species in the section zapotecorum guzman 2007 not intended for distribution or publication. Hundreds of other magic mushrooms contain these substances such as psilocybe cubensis, psilocybe caerulescens, psilocybe mexicana, and psilocybe caerulipes.
Psilocybe aztecorum contains the psychoactive compound psilocybin. When mycelium is cultured in just grain, the mycelium. New taxonomical and ethnomycological observations on. Psilocybe zapotecorum grows solitarily or gregariously, sometimes in cespitose clusters of around a hundred mushrooms. The cap is 25 cm, conical to plane, chestnut brown, hygrophanous, and bruises bluegreen where damaged. Guzmdn which differs in the diameter of the pleurocystidia and cheilocystidia 5514 m and 356 m, respectively, according to guzmin, 1983.
Psilocybe cyanofibrillosa has a farinaceous smell and taste. A systematic revision of the known species including the history, distribution and chemistry of the hallucinogenic species. Psilocybe zapotecocaribaea is a species of mushroom in the family strophariaceae. Psilocybe zapotecoantillarum is a species of mushroom in the family strophariaceae. The mycelial laden compost was cased with calcareous sand and then completely submerged under water. Nov 17, 2008 psilocybe zapotecorum heim emend guzman description. In 1958, swiss chemist albert hofmann reported a relatively low concentration of 0. Contains ed material heavily borrowed from guzmans the genus psilocybe and other sources without permission. A compilation of all described species in the section. Inoculate 4 quarts white millet with zapotecorum spores from ben. Psilocybe aucklandii has a farinaceous smell and taste. Hilly area, forests, pastures and rice paddies around.
Psilocybe fruit bodies are typically small, nondescript mushrooms with a typical little brown mushroom morphology. They described this piece as mushroom ceremony and dancing indians, respectively, around a longstemmed mushroom effigy, which was suggested to be a psilocybe by. Pf psilocybe cubensis growing techniques psylocybe fanaticus, et al. Psilocybe zapotecorum is a psilocybin mushroom which has psilocybin and psilocin as main. The pileus is deep chestnut brown and hygrophanous, fading to yellowish brown or grayish white when dry. Psilocybe zapotecorum on grass seed cased with pasturized peatlime. It is in the section zapotecorum of the genus psilocybe, other members of this section include psilocybe muliercula, psilocybe angustipleurocystidiata, psilocybe aucklandii, psilocybe collybioides, psilocybe kumaenorum, psilocybe zapotecorum, psilocybe kumaenorum, psilocybe subcaerulipes, psilocybe pintonii.
Psilocybes definition of psilocybes by medical dictionary. This page was last edited on 10 december 20, at 11. It is central, flexuous, cylindric or slightly flattened, and hollow. A 15yearold male bought a grow kit for psilocybe cubensis mushrooms from an online website. Psilocybe zapotecorum gills are a cream color when young and violet brown in age, with an attachment that is sinuate or adnate, and sometimes subdecurrent. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Only 34 specimens were found and a very very light print was taken. Psilocybe zapotecorum wikipedia, a enciclopedia livre. Psilocybe zapotecorum, a species first fruited on a medium of moss, was grown both on straw and horse dung composts in glazed earthenware pots designed to retain water. Psilocybe zapotecorum is also found in humid and shadowed places in mesophytic forests, oakandpine forests, or cloud forests. This content was uploaded by our users and we assume good faith they have the permission to share this book. A new emendation of psilocybe zapotecorum is presented, based on a new study on the holotype and on the description of pseudocystidia, pleurocystidia and cheilocystidia, confusingly described previously. Acute renal injury cause by confirmed psilocybe cubensis.
The mushroom contains the medicinal compound psilocybin. These new species are bluing and belong to sections cordisporae, stuntzae, and zapotecorum. A worldwide geographical distribution of the neurotropic fungi, an analysis and discussion pdf. Media in category psilocybe zapotecorumthe following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. He confirmed the identification of the first package as. Expired lifetime application number inventor heim roger hofmann albert brack artur kobel. Legal aspects of hallucinogenic mushrooms andor psilocybin and related.
Millet tek is 400 ml millet, 150 ml water in a quart jar. Pdf the subtropical japanese bluing mushroom psilocybe subcaerulipes, described by hongo, has. Psilocybe pintonii is a species of mushroom in the family strophariaceae. Occurrence and use of hallucinogenic mushrooms containing. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license.
Psilocybe zapotecorum jeringa 10 ml esporas esporas mexico. Psilocybe bohemica was described by sebek 1983 based on those. Hallucinogenic mushrooms on the german market simple. A closely related species sans papilla, psilocybe hoogshagenii var. Psilocybe antioquiensis is a species of mushroom in the family hymenogastraceae.527 825 1495 970 636 1615 124 546 238 1575 26 799 685 870 651 785 863 630 165 283 735 180 627 1098 1069 1362 1322 50 1173 998 1493 932 489